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  • Writer's pictureAshley Lee

Origins of Coffee

Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". C. arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated. Coffee belongs to the family Rubiaceae and the genus Coffea, and species C. arabica. Domestication of Arabica coffee lacks documentation, but cultivation in Yemen is documented by the 12th century. Coffea arabica accounts for 75–80% of the world's coffee production. Ethiopia is also the birthplace of Arabica coffee. Ethiopia produces 6,600,000 bags of coffee annually.


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